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The history of Kick Boxing

In the early 70th in America, thanks to the films of martial arts and the legend of Bruce Lee, there were numerous gyms Karate and Kung Fu. But over the initial frenzy people start to get annoyed with these traditional martial arts that did not allow the full contact, and that demanded total control of the shots taken in the most precise and cleaning techniques. Americans, people megalomaniac who for years already knew the "Noble Art" in which were absolute rulers, were precisely accustomed to bloody battles, real and spectacular as precisely those of Boxing. What they did then some prominent personalities of Karate as Mike Anderson, Don and Judy Quine Quine: founded in the US on September 14, 1974 the PKA (Professional Karate Association).

This new organization create a new discipline calling "Full Contact Karate", ie precisely in full contact karate. They adopted the same rules of boxing (KO or OMT) and the same protections such as gloves with the addition of shell and foot protection. The pioneers of this discipline in order were: Joe Lewis, Jeff Smith and Bill Wallance who became the first three world champions of this new discipline.

What happened as a result of decisive?

Federations Karate rose up against this new discipline because they did not accept that you used the term for a discipline of Karate Karate now had very little.

This is for three main reasons:

1. Because the traditional karate and synonymous, as we said before, force control and therefore can not be in full contact.

2. Karate kicks aside there is little in "Full Contact Karate", because the karateca having to deal with a clash in full contact preferred to use the techniques of boxing, and not those of Karate, because obviously were more effective in a clash brutal as the one to ring.

3. Finally, and not least, the term "Karate" literally means "bare hands"; so basically incompatible with the use of boxing gloves.


So the PKA, which in the meantime had become WAKO (World Association of all style Karate Organization) and had created a kind of martial art mixed, to avoid the big political problems-sporting insurgents, replaced the word "karate" with the word "Kick Boxing" thus keeping the same acronym WAKO (World Association Kickboxing Organization) and renaming his discipline from "Full Contact Karate" to "Kick Boxing". Name chosen because the latter made immediately the idea of ​​what the practitioners of this discipline were doing, and that means pulling Boxing and kicking.

But initially the name Kick Boxing was a term of the agreement, while the style continue to be called "Full Contact" without of course the word Karate.

By Full Contact born then two variants the Semi Contact and Light Contact controlled both contact and light, so much less bloody of Full.

In the following years, as you can already guess, the term kickboxing became a generic term to identify the discipline, and the Semi Contact, the Light Contact and Full Contact became his specialties.

The great merit of the Americans:

The Full Contact (or Boxing Americana) quickly spread across America and also in Europe, and this was done for several reasons:

1. The great similarity with the BOXE ch already depopulated for centuries worldwide.

2. The great capacity of organization of Americans in promoting sports events and all that is business.

3. The big media power of Americans.

4. The level of dangerousness lower than Asian cousins ​​as the Thai Boxing and Kick Boxing Japanese where you hit on all parts of the body (with the exception of genital and neck); In fact, in the Full Contact the shots you can take only from the waist up.


What were the difficulties instead of W.A.K.O.?

The main difficulty of W.A.K.O. it was the expansion of the discipline worldwide. To be considered truly a global organization was bound to put its roots also in the East, however, where the Full Contact was poorly digested by the simple fact that it provided the shots in the legs as in the already consolidated oriental disciplines such as Thai Boxing and Kickboxing Japanese.

So the W.A.K.O. It was forced to enter a new specialty: the "Low Kick", providing for the use of deadly low kick to be precise; only in this way and managed to extend its presence in most of the globe.

Subsequently the Low Kick was inserted the last specialty called "K1 Rules" following in the footsteps of the great success of the most famous Japanese martial arts tournament
"K-1" that we all know; but that's another story.







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